%A Taib, Haslina
%A Ling, Cheng Mei
%A Khamis, Mohd Fadhli
%A Arief, Erry Mochamad
%D 2017
%T Evaluation of the effects of different scaling modalities on the root surfaces: an in vitro study
%K Calculus remaining; dental scaling; root surface roughness; ultrasonic scaler
%X The variation in the effects of scaling devices on calculus removal, root surface roughness was unknown. This study evaluated the effectiveness of three piezoelectric ultrasonic scalers and a hand scaler in removing calculus. Twenty four extracted permanent teeth coated with artificial calculus were randomly assigned into four groups of scaler types: (1) EMS scaler (2) Gracey curette #5/6 (3) Satelec scaler (4) Kavo scaler for root planing. After instrumentation, the root surface were assessed for roughness and remaining calculus using a digital microscope Hirox KH-7700 version 2.0 (Hirox, Japan) under x50 magnification. The length of procedural time was also recorded. The remaining calculus was significantly lower for the EMS scaler group (0.32 mm 2 ) than for the Kavo group (1.01 mm 2 ), P = 0.037. The mean scores of surface roughness for the Gracey scaler group (15.90 mm 2 ) was statistically significantly more than for the Satelec scaler group (5.38 mm 2 ), P = 0.047. The mean time spent to remove calculus for the Gracey scaler group was significantly longer (16.76 min) than for the EMS (11.36 min; P =0.031) and Kavo scaler groups (11.41 min; P =0.033). The results indicate EMS scaler group is more favourable than the other piezoelectric scaler groups and Gracey scaler.
%U http://johr.in/index.php/JOHR/article/view/223
%J Journal of Oral Health Research
%0 Journal Article
%V 8
%N 1
%@ 2229-6018
%8 2017-07-27